Type II Diabetes Classification

Diabetes is a condition with the body's ability to manage blood sugar levels. Blood sugar is regulated in the body by 2 main hormones, insulin, which reduces blood sugar by storing or utilizing excess energy and glucagon, which adds more sugar into the blood stream from storage sources.

In a healthy body, blood sugar levels are finely regulated by these hormones to provide the right amount of sugar to feed your tissues to ensure they are doing their job to keep you healthy and strong. In a diabetic body this balance is upset by a reduction of insulin, generating far too much sugar in the bloodstream.

Diabetes develops in two main ways, in type 1 or juvenile diabetes, symptoms develop very early in life due to an autoimmune disease that attacks the pancreas. These individuals produce no insulin and must inject synthetic insulin in order to balance blood sugars. In type 2 Diabetes or diabetes mellitus, the problem often develops later in life from a combination of congenital and lifestyle factors and now the body either has a reduced sensitivity to the hormone insulin or the cells in the pancreas that produce the hormone become exhausted and can no longer keep up with demand. These individuals often need to make dietary restrictions, take medications to increase their sensitivity to insulin, and in extreme cases insulin will need to be injected to regulate blood sugars.

The results of even carefully managed diabetes, can see blood sugar levels climb to toxic levels and create issues with metabolism, circulation, and immunity.

Diabetes is a rising problem across Canada, with 9.3% of the population diagnosed with diabetes in 2015 and 22.1% diagnosed pre-diabetic. This statistic will to rise by 44% in 10 years according to the Canadian Diabetic Association. Sadly these statistics climb if you are a minority in Canada, those of South Asian, Asian, African, or Aboriginal dissent can be 3-5x more likely to develop the disease.

Those suffering from diabetes in its many forms are at risk of many other life threatening illnesses. According to a 2008 study individuals suffering from diabetes were 3x more likely to be hospitalized with cardiovascular disease, 12x more likely to be hospitalized with end stage renal disease and are 20x more likely to have a non-traumatic low limb amputation compared to those without a diabetes diagnosis (nearly 15-25% of diagnosed individuals).

This is a wide reaching problem and not only generates suffering to those afflicted but has a great cost to our medical system.


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